Author: James Anderson

Types of Alcohol List of Drinks By Alcohol Content

types of alcohol

Likewise, while the alcohol concentrations listed are considered typical, there is significant variability in alcohol content within each alcoholic beverage. There are many different kinds of alcoholic drinks, and some of them contain more alcohol than others. The types of alcoholic drinks  with higher concentrations of alcohol are able to cause drunkenness and alcohol poisoning more quickly and in smaller doses. Alcohol by volume (ABV) and alcohol proof are two measures of alcohol content, or the concentration of alcohol in a drink. Alcohol by volume is the number of milliliters of ethanol per 100 milliliters (or 3.4 fl.oz.) in a solution, while alcohol proof is twice the percentage of alcohol by volume. Here are all the liquor names for different types of alcohol!

types of alcohol

It is an industrial-strength solvent used to make products such as paint removers, antifreeze, and printing ink. Methanol is also a commercially important base reactant used to produce compounds like acetone, methane, and formaldehyde. These byproducts can then be used to manufacture everything from plastics to explosives. Methanol and its vapors are highly flammable and require special care for use and transportation. Although methanol has an odor and appearance similar to ethanol, it is more extremely toxic. Ingesting as little as 10 mL can result in permanent blindness, and 30 mL can induce coma or cause death.

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And that means starting from the beginning, with the basics about different types of alcohol and types of alcoholic drinks. Every day, all around the world, millions of people will consume alcoholic beverages. Some of that drinking, of course, will be done in the comfort of the person’s home, but often people will go out to bars to imbibe. Methyl alcohol, methanol, or wood alcohol is most commonly used in manufacturing processes.

Base liquors are distilled and have a higher ABV than undistilled drinks. Alcoholic beverages are made by fermenting different types of grains, fruits, and vegetables. This process creates ethanol, an ingestible type of alcohol. Drinking too much alcohol can lead to dangerous physical and mental side effects.

  1. Beer is the least potent alcoholic beverage, with some light beers coming in as low as 2% ABV.
  2. Methanol and its vapors are highly flammable and require special care for use and transportation.
  3. Other types of alcoholic drinks include cocktails, such as Margaritas or Mojitos; wine, such as red or white; and champagne.
  4. This facilitates the use of flavoring and coloring compounds in alcoholic drinks as a taste mask, especially in distilled drinks.

Rectified spirit, also called “neutral grain spirit”, is alcohol which has been purified by means of “rectification” (i.e. repeated distillation). The term neutral refers to the spirit’s lack of flavor that would have been present if the mash ingredients had been distilled to a lower level of alcoholic purity. Rectified spirit also lacks any flavoring added to it after distillation (as is done, for example, with gin). Other kinds of spirits, such as whiskey, (or whisky) are distilled to a lower alcohol percentage to preserve the flavor of the mash. Rum is a distilled liquor made from sugarcane molasses or juice.

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Fortunately, I say, because alcohol doesn’t have any flavor of its own. Instead, all of its flavors come from the ingredients used to make it (grains, grapes, fruit, etc.). A 12 oz serving of alcoholic cider usually has a 5% ABV and around 120 calories.

types of alcohol

Throughout this article, we will explore alcohol from a bartender’s perspective. We will take a look at what alcohol actually is, how it is made, and explore all of the different categories. Most rums have around 40% ABV and contain about 97 calories. The proof of any liquor can be found by doubling the percentage of the ABV.

Distilled And Undistilled Alcohol

The term hard liquor is used in North America to distinguish distilled drinks from undistilled ones (implicitly weaker). Brandy, gin, mezcal, rum, tequila, vodka, whisky (or wiskey), baijiu, shōchū and soju are examples of distilled drinks. Distilling concentrates the alcohol and eliminates some of the congeners. Freeze distillation concentrates ethanol along with methanol and fusel alcohols (fermentation by-products partially removed by distillation) in applejack.

Crème liqueurs

There are a couple of other types of alcohol that you’ll commonly find behind the bar that doesn’t fit well into the above categories. Common grains used to make whisk(e)y include corn, rye, barley, and wheat. And the grain used is the essential factor in what kind of whisk(e)y is produced. It’s the skins on the grape that determines the color of the wine. Therefore, the skins of the red wine grapes are left on during the fermentation process. Although fermentation produces the presence of alcohol, it can only get us so far.

Cell membranes are highly permeable to alcohol, so once it is in the bloodstream, it can diffuse into nearly every cell in the body. Some countries, such as the U.S., have the drinking age higher than the legal age of majority (18), at age 21 in all 50 states. In some countries, alcohol cannot be sold to a person who is already intoxicated. The concentration of alcohol in brandy ranges from 35% to 60%.